Agriculture is the most important sector of Nigeria's economy, engaging about 70% of the labor force. Small farms produce about 80% of the total food and about 30.7 million hectares (76 million acres), or 33% of Nigeria's land area, are under cultivation.
Food price inflation causes a change in food habits and patterns. The food system is bending under the intense pressure of the world population growth, increasing demand for food, in particular, meat and meat products as well as milk and dairy products, scarcity
In the same study, approximately 50% had a vegetable garden to alleviate food unavailability, and harvested for subsistence to meet non-food expenses.